The sacroiliac (SI) joint is located between the sacrum (the bone at the base of the lower spine) and the ilium (the uppermost bone of the pelvis). The SI joint is mostly immobile, but it is very strong and absolutely vital for weight-bearing and support in the human body. The joint has irregular elevations and depressions that create a jagged, interlocking fit to keep it secure. It is stabilized even further by ligaments which bind the joint together.
SI Joint Dysfunction has a variety of possible causes. Any condition that results in the stiffness of the SI joint can result in severe pain. Various forms of arthritis including gout, psoriatic arthritis, and ankylosing spondylites commonly cause pain to the sacroiliac joint.
Natural wear and tear is the most common cause of SI joint pain. Because the sacroiliac joint supports the entire upper body, it experiences much stress. This stress can slowly diminish the cartilage layer which protects the SI joints. As the cartilage diminishes, the bones begin to rub against one another, and osteoarthritis develops.
For women, the SI joint may become loose to accommodate the needs of child-bearing. This process is hormone-driven and natural, and allows for mobility of the joint to aid in the delivery of a newborn. Although a natural process, this phenomenon can cause lower back pain and stability issues later in life. The risk of developing SI Joint Dysfunction will rise with the number of pregnancies a women has undergone.
Those suffering from SI Joint Dysfunction often experience lower back pain, hip pain, as well as other discomforts felt around the thighs and groin. Typically, the pain worsens with standing and walking. Sufferers may also experience stiffness accompanied by a burning sensation in the pelvis.
The doctors at Advanced Pain Care are well-trained and very experienced in pain management. If you are suffering from pain caused by SI Joint Dysfunction, then it is time to call us at 512-244-4272. We have locations across Central Texas to assist you: Austin, Round Rock, Georgetown, Waco and Cedar Park.